Project by Margarete Dreher at the Museum of the Petersburg Avant-garde (Matyushin House)
Margarete Dreher works in a variety of media and deals with aspects of minimal and concrete art. In her video Ohne Titel Ohne Ton (Heroes) on the monitor we see a slow flow of monochromatic color fields that gradually overlap – following the artist’s precise direction. With the video, Margarete Dreher does not only refer to her own practice of painting that is based on overlapping layers of paint but she also refers to the heroes of 20th century art such as Barnett Newman who is one of the main representatives of Abstract Expressionism (a movement in American painting that flourished in New York City after World War II. with a shared interest in using abstraction to convey strong emotional or expressive content), Ellsworth Kelley, a leading member of Hard-Edge-painting (a 1960s countermovement to Abstract Expressionism that is characterized by areas of flat color with sharp, clear (or ‘hard’) edges), and Yves Klein, an outstanding member of the French artistic movement of Nouveau réalisme (a group that tended to see the world as an image from which they could take parts and incorporate them into their works—as they sought to bring life and art closer together).
In Dreher´s video, the static images of color field painting are brought into movement. In the context of the festival, the work also can be seen in the context of the fundamental book The Laws of the Variability of Color Combinations (Zakonomernost’ izmenjaemosti cvetovych sočetanij) from 1932, developed by Michael Matyushin (1861 -1934) and his pupils.
Margarete Dreher was born in Calw, Germany in 1944 and lives in Berlin. From 1965 to 1969 she studied painting at the State Art Academy in Karlsruhe, Germany and from 1969 to 1972 at the Higher College of Visual Arts (HdK) in Berlin. She actively exhibited her works from 1968 on and started literary work from 1998 in parallel to her activity as a visual artist. Her works were shown at the following institutions: Kunstverein Hannover; Museum für Verkehr und Technik, Berlin; Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin; Frauenmuseum, Bonn; Berlinische Galerie; Neuer Berliner Kunstverein; Wilhelm-Hack-Museum, Ludwigshafen; Riga Art Museum; Manege, St. Petersburg, Kunst-Werke Berlin; Academy of Arts, Berlin; Malmö Art Hall and Mies van der Rohe Haus, Berlin. Her works have been included in the following permanent collections: Collection of the Federal Republic of Germany; Wilhelm-Hack-Museum Ludwigshafen; Foundation for Concrete Art, Reutlingen; Regional Council Stuttgart; Collection Deutsche Bank, Frankfurt; Artothek & Video-Forum at Neuer Berliner Kunstverein; Berlinische Galerie; Kupferstichkabinett SMPK, Berlin.
Branch of the State Museum of the History of St. Petersburg
Museum of the Petersburg Avant-garde, Matyushin House opened on December 20, 2006. It occupies a two-storey wooden house built in the middle of the 19th century. Mikhail Matyushin (1861-1934), an artist, musician and Avant-garde ideologist lived in it with his wife Elena Guro (1877-1913) who was a poet and an artist. Matyushin’s studio forms the heart of the museum.
Permanent display in Matyushin House Museum focuses on the main stages of the development of avant-garde culture in Russia and shows the diversity of St. Petersburg avant-garde art of the 1920s – 1930s. On display are memorabilia of the Matyushin’s family, paintings and drawings by Mikhail Matiushin, Elena Guro, Alexey Remizov, Nikolay Kulbin, Vladimir Sterligov and followers of Kazimir Malevich and Pavel Filonov; books, manifestos, brochures, photographs and other unique materials, related to the history and the evolution of the avant-garde movement in Russia.
The display consists of two sections: the first one is dedicated to avant-garde before and after 1917, and the second – memorial part – includes the reconstructed studio of Mikhail Matyushin and the room of Elena Guro.
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